India has been a home and a battleground for a number of dynasties, empires, kingdoms and administrations. Each of them made their imprint in the country. Old historical monuments or relics from bygone periods serve as reminders of what our civilization has gone through and who impacted events.
You should visit or revisit the top 20 historical places in India listed below to better comprehend these events and have a better understanding of our Bharat.
1. Taj Mahal, Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Let's start with the list of top historical places in India with Taj Mahal. The Taj Mahal has been designated as one of the world's seven wonders. This ivory-white marble monument was built by Shah Jahan in honour of his wife Mumtaz on the banks of the Yamuna River. The royal court reflects Shah Jahan's sadness over Mumtaz's death, making it a monument to pure love. Mumtaz was Shah Jahan's favourite of the 11 wives, and she died while giving birth to her 14th child. As per the last wish of Mumtaz, Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal to signify their eternal love.
Image Courtesy: ThoughtCo
2. Fatehpur Sikri, Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Fatehpur Sikri is unquestionably one of the best historical places in India, yet it is also large enough to be called a sizable city. Fatehpur Sikri, which was built during Akbar's reign, is home to numerous renowned structures, including Birbal's Palace, the Tomb of Salim Chisti, and the Jama Masjid. Women who are childless visit Salim Chisti's tomb to seek favours.
Image Courtesy: Agra Tourism
3. Agra Fort, Uttar Pradesh
This enormous fort was built by Akbar in 1565 AD and is known for its amazing design and workmanship. Only the Amar Singh Gate, out of the two, could be utilised to access the fort. It was a great piece of strategic planning. This fort is included among top 20 historical places in India, and it is also featured in one of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes investigations.
Image Courtesy: Agra
4. Red Fort, Delhi
The Red Fort is one of India's most iconic landmarks, with its massive size, beautiful proportions, and design all evoking an era of unbridled wealth. It, too, was constructed by Shah Jahan and took more than ten years to finish. This fort used to be white since it was built with limestone, but it began to peel under British administration, so it was painted red.
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5. Qutub Minar, Delhi
The Qutub Minar was constructed to commemorate the founding of the first Muslim state in northern India. It rises at an astounding height of 240 feet, but the most fascinating aspect of this Indian historical monument is that it contains an iron pillar that has not corroded in over 2,000 years. The best time to visit this historical place in India is during October or November. Don’t forget to attend the light show in the evening.
Image Courtesy: Holidify
6. Hawa Mahal, Jaipur, Rajasthan
Without a foundation, the Hawa Mahal is considered one of the world's highest structures. Because of its pyramidal form, it stands strong while being bent. The 953 small windows on this monument are noted for their exquisite lattice work. It seems to be a crown at first glance, which is rather impressive.
Image Courtesy: Holidify
7. Amer Fort, Rajasthan
Amer Fort is one of the top historical places in India. It's made of red and white sandstone, and the carvings on the ceiling and walls are breathtaking. The Sheesh Mahal (mirror palace), which includes mirror mosaics and colourful glassware, is the finest section of the Amer Fort.
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8. Khajuraho Temples, Madhya Pradesh
The Chandelas built Kajuraho, a collection of Hindu and Jain temples that demonstrate the Chandelas' openness and tolerance for many religions at the period. This historical place in India is known for their beautifully carved statues and sculptures, some of which are relics of Kama Sutra's old culture.
Image Courtesy: The Experience Blog
9. Sanchi Stupa, Madhya Pradesh
The Sanchi stupa is an unrivalled illustration of the grand atmosphere that the Buddhist style of building entails. Within the stupa's dome-shaped construction lie ancient relics of Lord Buddha. The fascinating and complex carvings on the 54-foot-high stupa depict the stories of Lord Buddha's life.
Image Courtesy: Flickr
10. Gwalior Fort, Madhya Pradesh
This fort was designed in such a way that it is regarded one of the top historical places in India. It has a lengthy and tumultuous history dating back to the year 525 AD. The monument's design and history are fascinating, and don't miss the sound and light display while you're there.
Image Courtesy: Culture Trip
11. Konark Temple, Odisha
This temple was constructed to honour the Sun God. It features 12 wheels at the bottom that are sundials that measure time properly. This temple, which is shaped like a massive chariot, is a sight to behold.
Image Courtesy: The New Indian Express
12. Gateway of India, Mumbai, Maharashtra
This gatewat is regarded as one of the world's most renowned monuments. It was originally constructed as a British entry and departure point, but it has since become a popular picnic place for residents and visitors. Many tourists visiting Mumbai like to stay near the Gateway Of India, and Taj Palace Hotel is one of the most well-known hotels among visitors.
Image Courtesy: MakeMyTrip
13. Charminar, Hyderabad, Telangana
The Charminar was built to commemorate the end of the city's epidemic, and one of the arches has a cat's head on it to drive away rodents that had nearly destroyed Hyderabad. The four almost 20-meter-long pillars or minars that make up this monument give it its name. It's one of the best historical places in Indi that's also a little mysterious because there's a hidden tunnel leading from here to Golconda Fort.
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14. The Ruins of Hampi, Karnataka
For history and art buffs, this top historical place in India is a dream come true. It features numerous magnificent structures and sculptures, as well as being the site of the first known human habitation, which dates back to 1 CE.
Image Courtesy: Wikipedia
15. Mysore Palace, Mysore, Karnataka
This mansion has such enormous proportions and grandeur that it appears to have been plucked from a storybook. The palace's interiors are ornately decorated and include ornate ceilings. Jeweled hallways, stained glass windows, open mandaps, and a jewelled throne may all be found. The Dussehra celebration is the finest time to visit this palace.
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16. Golconda Fort, Hyderabad, Telangana
This fort is one of India's most well-known historical sites. It is a historic site noted for its beautiful architecture, ethereal acoustic impact, and intimidating construction. The mosques and massive mud walls of the fort, as well as its amazing acoustics, are worth seeing and hearing.
Image Courtesy: Britannica
17. The Great Living Chola Temples, Tamil Nadu
Brihadeshwara Temple, Airavateshwara Temple, and Gangaikonda Temple are the three largest temples built by the Chola kingdom. They are all masterpieces of aesthetic and architectural brilliance, reflecting the Chola Empire's remarkable achievements in sculpture, building, painting, and bronze casting.
Image Courtesy: Holidify
18. India Gate, Delhi
India Gate is a 42-meter-high military memorial dedicated to the British Indian Army troops who perished during World War I. Beautiful grounds surround the monument, and the fountains feature a spectacular light show. You should visit on the Republic Day as there is a parade there every year. It is no doubt the best time to visit this historical place in India.
Image Courtesy: Viator
19. Victoria Memorial, Kolkata, West Bengal
The beautiful white marble Victoria Memorial, named for Queen Victoria, is encircled by lovely green gardens that encompass 64 acres of land. The garden is full with little lovely buildings, and the ideal time to visit is in the evening when the monument is illuminated by many lights.
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20. Rani ki Vav, Patan, Gujarat
This is a new archaeological find in Patan, and it is one of most unique historical places in India. It features a fascinating stepwell as well as approximately 500 intricate statues of Gods and Goddesses spread throughout seven galleries.
Image Courtesy: Patan
India is one of the world's most beautiful countries, famed for its vibrant culture and intriguing history. Its grand monuments, like the Taj Mahal act as strong pillars of the rich and deep history that India possesses. The ancient monuments of India say volumes, from their magnificent architecture to their enduring legacy. So, pay them a visit now!