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Baisakhi 2024: Date, Celebration, and Traditional Foods

By Vidhi

Updated - May 9, 20249 min read

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The arrival of spring brings forth a series of vibrant festivals across India, each celebrating the bountiful harvest and the spirit of renewal. Baisakhi, Poila Boishak, Bohag Bihu, Vishu, and Puthandu are among the most significant festivals observed during this joyous season. Let's delve into the rich traditions, cultural significance, and festive rituals associated with these celebrations.

baisakhi 2024

Image courtesy: The Indian Express


Baisakhi: The Festival of Harvest and Renewal

Baisakhi, also known as Vaisakhi, is a deeply significant festival celebrated mainly in Punjab, marking the onset of the harvest season and the commencement of the solar New Year.


Date and Time

Baisakhi falls on April 13, 2024 (Saturday), with the auspicious festivities commencing at 9:15 PM, just before Mesha Sankranti.


History and Significance

For Sikhs, Baisakhi holds immense importance as it commemorates the establishment of the Khalsa Panth by Guru Gobind Singh in 1699. This event marked the formation of a community of baptized Sikhs known for their commitment to righteousness, equality, and courage.





The festival is characterized by vibrant processions, traditional music performances, and energetic dance forms like Bhangra and Gidda. Devotees gather at gurudwaras to offer prayers, seek blessings, and participate in communal feasts known as langars.

baisakhi 2024

Image courtesy: Mint


Other Spring Harvest Festivals Across India


Poila Boishak: Bengali New Year

Poila Boishak heralds the Bengali New Year with early morning visits to temples, prayers, and offerings. Families prepare special dishes like panta bhat and ilish bhapa to relish together.


Bohag Bihu: Assamese New Year

Bohag Bihu, also known as Rongali Bihu, is celebrated over seven days in Assam with great enthusiasm. The festival features cultural performances, including traditional songs and dances like Bihu dance, and community feasting.



Vishu: Kerala's New Year

Vishu is welcomed with the Vishu Kani arrangement, which includes rice, flowers, fruits, and gold coins, symbolizing prosperity. Families prepare a grand feast with traditional dishes like Vishu Sadya and engage in cultural activities.


Puthandu: Tamil New Year

Puthandu marks the Tamil New Year with visits to temples, the preparation of special dishes like Pongal and Mango Pachadi, and the exchange of gifts among family members.


Festive Traditions and Rituals

Community Engagement: Spring festivals serve as occasions for communities to come together, reinforcing bonds and fostering unity.

Rituals and Offerings: From elaborate temple rituals to the preparation of festive meals, these festivals are steeped in spiritual practices and offerings.

Cultural Performances: Folk dances, music recitals, and theater performances showcase the region's cultural heritage and artistic prowess.

baisakhi 2024

Image courtesy:  Her Zindagi


Baisakhi Foods:

These festivals highlight India's rich cultural diversity, reflecting unique regional customs and traditions. They symbolize the spirit of joy, unity, and gratitude among communities, fostering a sense of collective celebration.A significant aspect of Baisakhi celebrations is the preparation and sharing of traditional dishes that hold cultural and culinary importance. Let's explore some delightful baisakhi food recipes to try at home this Baisakhi.

1. Meethe Peeley Chawal (Sweet Rice)

baisakhi foods

Image courtesy: Foodviva


- Basmati rice: 1 cup

- Mixed dry fruits (almonds, cashews, raisins): 1/2 cup

- Ghee (clarified butter): 2-3 tablespoons

- Cardamom pods: 2-3, crushed

- Cloves: 2-3

- Saffron strands: a pinch

- Sugar: 1/2 cup

- Water: 2 cups



1. Rinse the basmati rice thoroughly and soak in water for 30 minutes.

2. Drain the rice and cook in a pot with 2 cups of water until done.

3. In a separate pan, heat ghee and roast the mixed dry fruits until golden.

4. Add cardamom, cloves, and saffron to the ghee and roast briefly.

5. Mix the cooked rice into the ghee mixture and add sugar.

6. Stir gently until the sugar melts and flavors combine. Serve hot, garnished with more dry fruits.



2. Punjabi Kadhi

baisakhi foods

Image courtesy: Spice up the curry


- Yogurt: 1 cup

- Besan (gram flour): 3 tablespoons

- Water: 2 cups

- Ghee: 2 tablespoons

- Mustard seeds: 1 teaspoon

- Cumin seeds: 1 teaspoon

- Curry leaves: a few

- Green chilies: 2, slit

- Ginger, grated: 1 teaspoon

- Turmeric powder: 1/2 teaspoon

- Red chili powder: 1/2 teaspoon

- Salt: to taste

- Pakodas (made from besan): optional



1. Whisk yogurt and besan together with water to make a smooth mixture.

2. Heat ghee in a pan, and add mustard seeds, cumin seeds, curry leaves, green chilies, and ginger.

3. Saute until spices release aroma, then add turmeric powder and red chili powder.

4. Pour in the yogurt-besan mixture and cook on low heat until the kadhi thickens.

5. Add pakodas if using and simmer for a few more minutes. Adjust salt to taste.

6. Serve hot with steamed rice.



3. Kada Prasad (Aata Halwa)

baisakhi foods

Image courtesy: fun FOOD frolic


- Whole wheat flour (atta): 1 cup

- Ghee (clarified butter): 1 cup

- Sugar: 1 cup

- Water: 2 cups



1. Heat ghee in a pan, add wheat flour and roast on low heat until golden brown and aromatic.

2. In another pan, heat water and sugar together to make a syrup.

3. Slowly add the sugar syrup to the roasted wheat flour, stirring continuously to avoid lumps.

4. Cook until the mixture thickens and leaves the sides of the pan.

5. Serve warm as prasad.


4. Sarso ka Saag with Makke ki Roti

baisakhi foods

Image courtesy: Big Basket

Ingredients for Sarso ka Saag:

- Mustard greens (sarso): 500 grams

- Spinach: 250 grams

- Green chilies: 2-3

- Ginger, grated: 1 tablespoon

- Garlic cloves: 4-5

- Cornmeal (makke ka atta): 1/2 cup

- Ghee: 2 tablespoons

- Salt: to taste


Ingredients for Makke ki Roti:

- Cornmeal (makke ka atta): 2 cups

- Warm water: as needed

- Salt: a pinch

- Ghee: for cooking



1. Clean and chop mustard greens and spinach. Boil them with green chilies, ginger, and garlic until tender.

2. Blend the cooked greens into a coarse puree.

3. Heat ghee in a pan, add the puree, and simmer until thickened.

4. For makke ki roti, mix cornmeal with salt and enough warm water to make a soft dough.

5. Divide dough into balls, flatten into discs, and cook on a hot griddle with ghee until golden brown.

6. Serve hot sarso ka saag with makke ki roti.


5. Pindi Chole

baisakhi foods

Image courtesy: Upbeet Anisha


- Chickpeas (kabuli chana): 1 cup, soaked overnight

- Tea bags: 2

- Water: 4 cups

- Onion: 1 large, finely chopped

- Tomatoes: 2, finely chopped

- Ginger-garlic paste: 1 tablespoon

- Green chilies: 2, slit

- Cumin seeds: 1 teaspoon

- Coriander powder: 1 tablespoon

- Red chili powder: 1 teaspoon

- Turmeric powder: 1/2 teaspoon

- Amchur (dry mango) powder: 1 teaspoon

- Garam masala powder: 1/2 teaspoon

- Kasuri methi (dried fenugreek leaves): 1 tablespoon

- Fresh coriander leaves: for garnish

- Salt: to taste

- Cooking oil: 2 tablespoons



1. Boil the soaked chickpeas in tea bags in water until tender and cooked. Discard the tea bags and reserve some cooking liquid.

2. Heat oil in a pan, add cumin seeds and let them splutter.

3. Add chopped onions and sauté until golden brown.

4. Stir in ginger-garlic paste and slit green chilies, cook for a minute.

5. Add chopped tomatoes and cook until oil separates.

6. Add coriander powder, red chili powder, turmeric powder, and amchur powder. Cook the masala until aromatic.

7. Add cooked chickpeas along with some of the cooking liquid.

8. Simmer the mixture until well combined and the flavors meld together.

9. Crush kasuri methi between your palms and add to the chole along with garam masala.

10. Cook for a few more minutes until the chole thickens slightly.

11. Garnish with fresh coriander leaves and serve hot with rice or bhature.


These traditional dishes not only tantalize the taste buds but also reflect the rich cultural heritage of Punjab. Embrace the spirit of Baisakhi by preparing and sharing these flavorful Baisakhi foods with your loved ones, celebrating the essence of the harvest festival in every bite.

FAQs Related to Baisakhi 2024:

Q1. When is Baisakhi 2024 celebrated?

Ans: Baisakhi 2024 falls on April 13th (Saturday). This date is determined according to the Sikh calendar and usually aligns with April 13th or 14th in the Gregorian calendar.


Q2. What is the historical significance of Baisakhi?

Ans: Baisakhi commemorates the formation of the Khalsa Panth by Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru, in 1699. It signifies courage, righteousness, and the fight against oppression.


Q3. What are traditional dishes prepared during Baisakhi?

Ans: Traditional Baisakhi dishes include Sarso Ka Saag with Makke ki Roti, Meethe Peeley Chawal (sweet rice), Punjabi Kadhi with pakodas, Kada Prasad (Aata Halwa), and Pindi Chole.